Customs brokerage test
Customs brokers in the United States prepare and submit documentation to notify or obtain clearance from government agencies such as the U. Food and Drug Administrationthe U. Department of Agricultureand the Fish and Wildlife Service.
They also arrange the transhipment i. Many customs brokers specialize in certain goods like apparelperishables, or clearing the crew and manifest of large cargo vessels.
Customs brokers can be located at inland ports to clear merchandise sent "in bond", but most are located at major airports and harbors with international traffic.
US Customs broker licenses are issued and overseen by U. These regulations permit both individuals and companies to obtain Customs brokers licenses, though the application process and general rules governing each type of license differ from each other. To be eligible to obtain for a US Customs broker license, an individual applicant must satisfy several requirements: The individual must submit his or her license application, along with license application fee, within three years of having passed the CBLE.
This three year time limit is calculated from the date of the letter informing the examinee that he or she passed the CBLE. License eligibility for non-individuals is different. In order to be eligible to obtain a US Customs broker license, a partnership must have at least one member of the partnership who is a broker.
An association or corporation must, first, be empowered under its articles of association or articles of incorporation to transact customs business as a broker, and second, have at least one officer who is a broker.
Customs broker licensees are not government employees and should not be confused with "customs officers" in other countries, however, the two terms may be interchangeable. Customs brokers need to be familiar with the tariff schedule, a listing of duty rates for imported items, CATAIR, the statutory and regulatory rules governing importations, and other trade related matters.
To illustrate, a customs broker may need to advise an importer on the marking requirements of the country of origin, or complete paperwork for a clothing shipment subject to quotas and visa requirements. For customs brokers and clearing agents operating within the European Unionthere is no licensing system. The onus is firmly on the importer or exporter to ensure that any party acting on their behalf is in possession of the facts to do so.
This provision allows an importer or exporter to appoint a third party to act on their behalf. The importer or exporter can appoint the third party to act in two capacities, i.
In almost all cases, the third party will elect to provide brokerage services on a direct representation basis. As a result, the importer or exporter is fully exposed to the risk or error and omission by the customs broker.
Singapore broadly follows the European Union model in that the importer or exporter of record remains liable for the correct and timely declaration of shipments. It is also however then similar to the US and Australia in requiring the person making the customs declaration to be registered and to have passed competency tests. Whilst there is no Customs Broker role explicitly recognised by Singapore Customsthere is separate recognition for the various service providers within the customs processing chain.
These are as follows:. Declaring Entity - The declaring entity is the importer or exporter of record and whose Unique Identifying Number UEN is being used to make a declaration for import, export or transshipment. Declaring Agent - A declaring agent is an organisation appointed by a declaring entity to make a declaration on its behalf. Declarant - A declarant is the individual person making the declaration for the declaring agent. Effective Jan 7, declarants must be registered with Singapore Customs and have passed Singapore Customs competency tests.
The only service provider which provides an integrated service to declaring entities, and is therefore the most similar in Singapore to a customs broker, is Tradenet Services Pte Ltd TNETS. TNETS is also the largest declaration service bureau processing more than 1. Customs Brokers are commonly known as Clearing Agents in Pakistan. Customs Brokers are licensed by the Commissioner of Customs that has jurisdiction over the area where the applicant intends to carry out their business in India and are governed by the Customs Brokers Licensing Regulations There are heavy fines in case of error or wrong caculo tariff classification, being one of the more risk into professions in Costa Rica.
Customs broker is a profession which expertise include tariff and customs laws, rules and regulations for the clearance of imported or exported goods or merchandise from customs authority, preparation of import or export documents including computation and payment of duties, taxes and other charges accruing thereon, representing clients before any government agency concerning classification or valuation of imported or exported goods AND is a bona fide holder of a valid license as such by the Professional Regulatory Board for Customs Brokers.
The relationship between a broker and client may begin before the actual importing of goods. A complicated scrutiny of Customs Duty, Tax rates and government trade regulations and Quarantine permission may have to be undertaken first. Brokers are trained and licensed to provide consultancy services of the above nature as accuracy is critical to the importer.
When a broker receives the documents for a job they register it in the company system, then to process a customs entry they must:. After the above is completed and clearance from customs has been given a complete dispatch is made. Customs broker are licensed by customs authority. Customs broker should pass 2 separate exams.
They should memorize major articles in customs law, valuation principles, HS headings with notes and international trade rules. Roles for customs broker are broader than other country's one. From customs clearance, Customs compliance consulting up to administrative appeal. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is incomplete. Please help to improve it, or discuss the issue on the talk page. Retrieved from " https: International trade Freight transport Customs services.
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