Industrie handelskammer wiki
A chamber of commerce or board of industrie handelskammer wiki is a form of business network industrie handelskammer wiki, for example, a local organization of businesses whose goal is to further the interests of businesses. Business owners in towns and cities form these local societies to advocate on behalf of the business community.
Local businesses are members, and they elect a board of directors or executive council to set policy for the chamber. The board or council then hires a President, CEO or Executive Director, plus staffing appropriate to size, to run the organization. The first chamber of commerce was founded in in Marseille, France. The world's oldest English-speaking chamber of commerce is the Jersey Chamber founded in February the same year the New York City Chamber industrie handelskammer wiki founded,  The oldest known existing chamber in the English-speaking world with continuous records, the Glasgow Chamber of Commerce,  was founded in As a non-governmental institution, a chamber of commerce has no direct role in the writing and passage of laws and regulations that affect businesses.
It may however, lobby in an attempt to get industrie handelskammer wiki passed that are favorable to businesses. Chambers of commerce can range in scope from individual neighborhoods within a city or town up to an international chamber of commerce.
In the United States, chambers do not operate in the same manner as industrie handelskammer wiki Better Business Bureau in that, while the BBB has the authority to bind its members under a formal operation doctrine and, thus, can remove them if complaints arise regarding their servicesthe local chamber membership is either voluntary or required by law.
In addition, Chambers represent the interests of businesses, while the BBB represents both the interests of businesses and the industrie handelskammer wiki public. Chambers of commerce also can include economic development corporations or groups though the latter can sometimes be a formal branch of a local government, the groups work together and may in some cases share office facilities as well as tourism and visitor bureaus.
Currently, there are about 13, chambers registered in the official Worldchambers Network industrie handelskammer wiki, and the chamber of commerce network is the largest business network globally. This network is informal, with each local chamber incorporated and operating separately, rather than as a chapter of a national or state chamber. Chambers of commerce in the United States can be considered community, city, regional, state, or nationwide United States Chamber of Commerce. City Chambers work on the local level to bring the business community together to develop strong local networks, which can result in a business-to-business exchange.
In most cases, city Chambers work with their local government, such as their mayor, their city council and local representatives to develop pro-business initiatives. Community chambers of industrie handelskammer wiki started [ when?
Community chambers of commerce are smaller and most [ quantify ] have a limits on numbers of members. City chambers of commerce have a long history in the US. The Charleston Chamber of Commerce is one of the oldest, dating back to colonial The Boston Tea Party.
In there were 2, chambers of commerce in the United States and chambers representing U. State chambers of commerce are much different from local and regional chambers of commerce, as they work on state and sometimes federal issues impacting the business community. Just as the local chamber is critical to the local business community, state chambers serve a unique function, serving as a third party voice on important business legislation that impact the business community and are industrie handelskammer wiki in shaping legislation in their respective state.
In comparison with state trade associations, which serve industrie handelskammer wiki a voice and resource to a particular industry, state chambers are looked to as a respected voice, representing the entire business community to enhance and advocate for a better business industrie handelskammer wiki.
Understanding the National or International need for understanding and information is the key service that these level of chambers of commerce provide. Under the compulsory or public law model, enterprises of certain sizes, types, or sectors are obliged industrie handelskammer wiki become members of the chamber.
This model is common in European Union countries e. Industrie handelskammer wiki tasks of the chambers are foreign trade industrie handelskammer wiki, vocational training, regional economic development, and general services to their members. The chambers were given responsibilities of public administration in various fields by industrie handelskammer wiki state which they exercise in industrie handelskammer wiki management.
The chambers also have a consultative function; this means the chambers must be consulted whenever a new law related to industry or commerce is proposed. Industrie handelskammer wiki Germany, the chambers of commerce and industry IHK - Industrie- und Handelskammer and the chambers of skilled crafts HwK - Handwerkskammer are public statutory bodies with self-administration under the inspectorate of the state ministry of economy.
Enterprises are members by law according to the chamber act IHK-Gesetz of industrie handelskammer wiki Because of this, such chambers are much bigger than chambers under private law. IHK Munich, the biggest German chamber of commerce, hasmember companies. Under the private model, which exists in English-speaking industrie handelskammer wiki like USA, Canada or the UK, but as well in SwedenFinland[ citation needed ] Norway and Denmarkcompanies industrie handelskammer wiki not obligated to become chamber members.
Industrie handelskammer wiki, companies often become members to develop their business contacts and, regarding the local chambers the most common level of organizationto demonstrate a commitment to the local economy. Though governments are not required to consult chambers on proposed laws, the chambers are industrie handelskammer wiki contacted given their local influence and membership numbers. A multilateral chamber is formed of companies and sometimes individuals from different countries with a common business interest towards or in a specific country.
It can further be active in representing the interests of local and foreign investors in that specific country, achieved through promotion and proactivity regarding the industrie handelskammer wiki business environment. Multilateral chambers of commerce are independent entities strengthening business relations and interactions between all economic players, and their members may benefit from a broad range of activities that enhance the visibility and reputation of their business.
In many countries Chambers of Commerce are a source of private sector information. The information is usually gathered by surveying Chamber members. The British Chambers of Commerce Quarterly Economic Survey is an example of a Chambers of Commerce survey that is used by official governmental departments as a guide to the performance of the economy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about trade organizations globally.
Retrieved 18 April Archived from the original on 1 April Jersey Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 8 February Retrieved 28 November Retrieved 20 September Archived from the original PDF on 6 January Retrieved 21 December Retrieved 1 October Retrieved 24 March Retrieved 22 October Archived from the original PDF on 7 January Retrieved 31 August Retrieved on 16 June Employers' organization Chamber of commerce Inter-professional association Industrie handelskammer wiki association List of food industry trade associations List of industry trade groups industrie handelskammer wiki the United States Cooperative federation.
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